Forum Sexualaufklärung und Familienplanung 4/2004
- The proportion of pregnancies among teenage girls has risen continually over the last six years. This is a phenomenon that gains a considerable amount of public attention and signals the need to act with regard to sex education.
For this reason, this booklet looks again at the topic of ‘Pregnant teenagers and teenage mothers’ (cf. FORUM 1/2001), and contains articles from experts involved in theoretical and practical work with pregnant teenage girls.
Two key aspects that are regularly mentioned are anticipated:
- 1. The percentage increase appears dramatic, but in the end, in terms of absolute case numbers, we are talking about a phenomenon that is less than spectacular.
- 2. The cause is not a lack of sex education. Instead, attention needs to be paid to social developments such as the future prospects of young people on the edge of society, if we are to deal with the problem adequately.
Evelyn Laue from the Federal Statistical Office provides specific figures relating to births and pregnancy terminations among teenagers and describes how they are ascertained and how authoritative they actually are.
Jutta Franz and Ulrike Busch give an outline of the backgrounds, possible causes and motives for teenage pregnancies. They present advisory concepts and outline what they consider is required from politicians and the preventative sphere.
The number of teenage mothers in the region of Saxony has doubled in the last decade and accordingly above the national average. This was reason enough for the Mittweida Academy and the University of Leipzig to investigate the issue on behalf of the BZgA and the interview experts from across the whole of Germany with regard to the services they offer and in particular their assessment of the situation. According to the results of this study, reported to us by Monika Häussler-Sczepan and Marion Michel, social inequality and limited opportunities to participate in society appear to play a key role in teenagers realising their desire to have a child.
The MOSAIK project being carried out in Bremen, draws on social structure data and educational level of young mothers, because this data shows which factors the increasing numbers of pregnancies correlate with. The authors, Barbara Thiessen and Eva Anslinger draw attention to the necessity of giving young mothers special encouragement to enable them to develop and implement their life prospects independently.
Sabine Pregitzer and Vanessa Jones report on two innovative cooperation projects that provide opportunities for young mothers to complete their school education and gain the right qualifications for a career, through services in line with their needs.
Iris Schöning provides a vivid description of the ‘Babydenkzeit’ [Baby think it over] project during which girls and boys can experience what it is like to be responsible for a baby over a period of four days with the aid of a ‘baby simulator’.
Finally, we quote extensively from a secondary analysis of the 2001 BZgA study on teenage sexuality, which shows links between unreliable contraceptive practices among young girls and factors such as age, family situation and religious attitudes.
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Pregnant teenagers and teenage mothers (42 Seiten, 980 kB)
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German Version: Jugendliche Schwangere und Mütter
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