Reproductive Medicine and Gene Technology
Sexuality Education and Family Planning 1/2-2000
Reproductive medicine and the associated genetic procedures – a complex of subjects which raises many questions, but whose explosive nature in the opinion of many authors is scarcely reflected in public discussion.
It is not by chance that this edition is the biggest since FORUM first appeared. It is our aim to discuss this extremely complex subject in a systematic, inter-disciplinary and understandable way and to make the social, political and ethical aspects, as well as the scientific arguments, accessible to a broad public.
In her introduction, Gabriele Pichelhofer reports how the critical discussion of reproductive medicine and human genetics has developed and she describes the basic features of the problems of "optimised" reproduction.
Albert Satz and Rosemarie Apitz of the Federal Ministry of Health give a report on the planned Reproductive Medicine Bill, basic research and the work of the Ethics Commission on this subject and announce a grand public symposium at the end of May 2001 in Berlin.
In her contribution, Giselind Berg reports how in vitro fertilisation has developed in Germany, which particular procedures are used and what successes, failures and risks are associated with them.
In her report on experiences of prenatal diagnosis (PD), Irmgard Nippert can refer to over 1,200 interviews she has had with pregnant women, whose motives and attitudes she has researched. The results of a worldwide comparison of the attitudes of medical experts to the aims and consequences associated with PD is certainly surprising.
Karin Griese has also dealt with the way women cope with the availability of prenatal diagnosis and has investigated above all the psychosocial and biographical aspects.
The heading, DIALOGUE begins with a critical description of the promises of repro-genetics and embryo research by Ingrid Schneider.
Sabine Paul and Thomas Junker discuss the eugenic arguments of critics in detail and systematically. They make an excursion into its history and define terms before making a plea to make the debate objective, which cannot be constructively advanced using "knockout" arguments.
Dietmar Mieth reasons on the ethical limits of genetic research. One of his important questions is whether biomedical progress can be reconciled with the painfully achieved values of culture. An agreement over a wide social basis, on what is desirable, on "how we want to live" seems indispensable to him. Mieth introduces creation or nature, the world of life and human dignity into this debate as relevant concepts and central reference values.
Ludger Hommefelder finally argues for, among other things, tying the use of genome analysis and gene therapy to the aims of medical treatment – to heal diseases, to avoid or alleviate suffering – so as to market or for insurance purposes.
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Media: Print, DIN A4, 62 Pages
Obtainable from: BZgA, Germany
order number: 13329047 temporarily out of print